An active shooter/hostile intruder is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area by any means including but not limited to firearms (although firearms appear to be the most frequently used), bladed weapons, vehicles, or any tool that in the circumstance in which it is used constitutes deadly physical force. In most cases, there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims.
Most active shooter situations are unpredictable, evolve quickly, and are over within minutes. Because these situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes, before law enforcement arrives on scene, individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation. Based on recent events and outcomes, authorities are now advising persons caught in an active shooter situation to "Run, Hide, Fight".
Surviving an Active Shooter
This video, recently produced by the Houston Mayor’s Office of Public Safety and Homeland Security, dramatizes an active shooter incident in the workplace.
Its purpose is to educate the public
on how to respond during such an incident.
Warning: The initial sequence in this video may be disturbing.
I there is an accessible escape path, attempt to evacuate the premises. Be sure to:
If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide where the shooter is less likely to find you. Ideally, your hiding place should be:
As a last resort, and only when you life is in imminent danger, attempt to disrupt and/or incapacitate the active shooter by:
Law enforcement's purpose is to stop the active shooter as soon as possible, and will proceed directly to the area in which the shots were last heard. The first officers to arrive on the scene will not stop to help injured persons. Expect rescue teams comprised of additonal officers and emergency medical personnel to follow the initial officers.
An active shooter may be a current or former employee. Alert your Human Resources department if you believe an employee exhibits potentially violent behavior. Indicators of potentially violent behavior may include one or more of the following:
Most bomb threats are received by phone. Bomb threats are serious until proven otherwise. Act quickly, but remain calm and obtain as much information as possible.
In the event of a bomb threat received by phone:
In the event of a handwritten bomb threat by note or letter:
Handle the note as minimally as possible
In the event of an e-mailed bomb threat:
Packages and large envelopes have been used in the past to deliver threatening devices and substances. Be cautious for any packages exhibiting the following signs: No Return Address; Restrictive Markings (Personal, Confidential); Strange Odor; Excessive Tape; Sealed with Tape; Misspelled words, Addressed to Title Only, Incorrect Title, Badly Typed or Written; Excessive Postage; Lopsided, uneven, rigid or bulky; Oily stains, discolorations or crystallization on wrapping.
If you consider a parcel or letter suspect: